Trithemius was active in the German Renaissance as a lexicographer, chronicler, cryptographer, and occultist. He had considerable influence on the development of early modern and modern occultism. Hay to the ox and sugar to the parrot. Before he was one year old, his father, Johann von Heidenburg, died.
|Published (Last):||6 October 2014|
|PDF File Size:||6.17 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||9.78 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
He had considerable influence on the development of early modern and modern occultism. His students included Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa and Paracelsus. The byname Trithemius refers to his native town of Trittenheim on the Moselle River , at the time part of the Electorate of Trier. When Johannes was still an infant his father Johann von Heidenburg died. His stepfather, whom his mother Elisabeth married seven years later, was hostile to education and thus Johannes could only learn in secret and with many difficulties.
He learned Greek, Latin, and Hebrew. When he was 17 years old he escaped from his home and wandered around looking for good teachers, travelling to Trier , Cologne , the Netherlands , and Heidelberg.
He studied at the University of Heidelberg. Travelling from the university to his home town in , he was surprised by a snowstorm and took refuge in the Benedictine abbey of Sponheim near Bad Kreuznach. He decided to stay and was elected abbot in , at the age of twenty-one. He set out to transform the abbey from a neglected and undisciplined place into a centre of learning. In his time, the abbey library increased from around fifty items to more than two thousand.
He often served as featured speaker and chapter secretary at the Bursfelde Congregation 's annual chapter from to , the annual meeting of reform-minded abbots. Trithemius also supervised the visits of the Congregation's abbeys. Trithemius wrote extensively as a historian, starting with a chronicle of Sponheim and culminating in a two-volume work on the history of Hirsau Abbey. His work was distinguished by mastery of the Latin language and eloquent phrasing, yet it was soon discovered that he inserted several fictional passages into his works.
His work as a historian has been tainted ever since, the invented passages proved by several scholars. However, his efforts did not meet with praise, and his reputation as a magician did not further his acceptance. He remained there until the end of his life. Trithemius was buried in this abbey's church; a tombstone by the famous Tilman Riemenschneider was erected in his honor. It was damaged in the firebombing of , and subsequently restored by the workshop of Theodor Spiegel.
Notably, the German polymath , physician, legal scholar, soldier, theologian, and occult writer Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa — and the Swiss physician, alchemist, and astrologer Paracelsus — were among his pupils.
Trithemius' most famous work, Steganographia written c. Since the publication of the decryption key to the first two volumes in , they have been known to be actually concerned with cryptography and steganography. Until recently, the third volume was widely still believed to be solely about magic, but the "magical" formulae have now been shown to be covertexts for yet more cryptographic content.
The preface to the Polygraphia equally establishes, the everyday practicability of cryptography was conceived by Trithemius as a "secular consequent of the ability of a soul specially empowered by God to reach, by magical means, from earth to Heaven". From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Johannes Trithemius. Main article: Steganographia. Johannes Trithemius — Retrieved 2 August Wouter J. Hanegraff Leiden and Boston: Brill, , pp. The Posthumous Works of Robert Hooke. Richard Waller, London. Brann, N. The Codebreakers: the Story of Secret Writing , , 2nd edition , pp. Secret Writing: the Craft of the Cryptographer. New York: McGraw-Hill. Christel Steffen Categories : births deaths People from Bernkastel-Wittlich 15th-century German writers 16th-century German writers 16th-century male writers 16th-century Latin-language writers German Benedictines German occult writers Medieval German astrologers German Renaissance humanists Medieval German theologians Creators of writing systems People from the Electorate of Trier Preth-century cryptographers 15th-century Latin writers Steganography Heidelberg University alumni German male non-fiction writers.
Jakob zu den Schotten. Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa Paracelsus. Jakob Wimpfeling  Nicholas of Cusa . Wikisource has original text related to this article: Johannes Trithemius. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Johannes Trithemius.
Born in Trittenheim, he entered the Benedictine order in and became abbot of Sponheim three years later. Trithemius, who endeavored to reform the monastic system and to promote the "new learning," established a famous library at Sponheim containing manuscripts in five languages, mainly Hebrew and Greek. Trithemius published several works, such as a Catalogus scriptorum ecclesiasticorum and De viris illustribus Germaniae , but is best remembered for two celebrated works on magic, Polygraphia and Chronologica mystica Though no Hebraist, the abbot dealt in these books with subjects such as numerology, planetary influences, and the Kabbalah. He immersed himself in alchemy and occult sciences and was eventually condemned and deposed from office. Trithemius greatly influenced the astrologer and alchemist Henry Cornelius Agrippa — , who wrote a controversial defense of magic, De Occulta Philosophia Cologne, ; Three Books of Occult Philosophy , London, , the last part of which drew on Reuchlin and the Kabbalah. Both Trithemius and Agrippa further influenced the celebrated philosopher and alchemist Paracelsus Theophrastus Bombastus ab Hohenheim, —
He had considerable influence on the development of early modern and modern occultism. His students included Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa and Paracelsus. The byname Trithemius refers to his native town of Trittenheim on the Moselle River , at the time part of the Electorate of Trier. When Johannes was still an infant his father Johann von Heidenburg died. His stepfather, whom his mother Elisabeth married seven years later, was hostile to education and thus Johannes could only learn in secret and with many difficulties. He learned Greek, Latin, and Hebrew. When he was 17 years old he escaped from his home and wandered around looking for good teachers, travelling to Trier , Cologne , the Netherlands , and Heidelberg.
The Art of Hiding Information – Johannes Trithemius’ Steganography