George Salinda Salvan. Environmental Concept. Egyptian Architecture. Roman Architecture. Cost Estimates Methods. Fire Protection.
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Architecture, North of Manila, St. College of Fellows, October. Box Manila Dedicated to all future Architects and Engineers The hope for a functional, comfortable and convenient designs for better living. Johnny T. Camsol who spent most of his time with the illustrations and all the layouts of the dummy. Special thanks and mention is also acknowledged to the Artists who helped in the illustrations notably, Clamor C. Engineering Department, also to to Mr.
To Mr. Luis V. Canave who guided me on the complete process of publishing and printing of books and to Mr. Francisco C. Malicsi, Teresita G. Espinosa, Eduardo C. Villanueva and Enrico P. Gomez for their untiring cooperation in preparing the manuscripts typewritten by Ms. Thelma T. Villareal , in computerized typesetting. The many students of architecture whose curiositY about and interest in the Plumbing and Sanitary its realization in book form have been a source of inspiration and lastly the writer wishes to acknowledge his heavy indebtedness to the authors listed in the bibliography.
Architects has to be knowledgeable in a number of fields in addition to those that are con- cerned mainly with building design for him to properly assist and serve his client. It is not expected that the Architect will actually perform all the services, Rather he is to act as the agent of the client in procuring and coordinating the necessary services required by a project.
After the design is approved, the complete construction drawings and specifications are prepared. Since the curriculum for B. This book is intended for Architectural and engineering students but nevertheless offers in- formation and reference materials for Practicing Professionals.
It is arranged in 'a sequential manner so as to guide the reader from the Water Supply, Fire Protection, Storm Water Sys- tem to Sanitary drainage systems. To make this book more complete is the addition of the chapter on RefLJse handling and Solid Waste Disposal and Recycling, from here recycling of Sewage Water is also included.
Finally the specifications of the different Plumbing Fixtures for each room is included. Each subject matter is accompanied immediately with the corresponding illustrations for clarity and the excerpts from the plumbing code is also included.
S Gallon 1. Rainfall times heavier than air. Natural Surface; water from streams, rivers and lakes, ponds. It is soft pure and good on places where there is an abundant rainfall. Disadvantages Hard to store for a long time as it will be a breeding place for mosquitoes, requires big containers for storing big quantities for long uses, roofs may not be clean, bad for places that receives a little amount of rain- fall.
More water can be obtained depending by equipments used and locality. Sedimentation -articles of matters that are suspended in the water are allowed to stay in a contai ner so that they will settle in the bottom, then drawing the water out, leaving these sediments in the container. Chemical Treatments - water are given chemical treatments to kill the harmful bacterias present and to cure the turbid taste or mudtaste, remove clay, salts, iron etc.
Filtration - water are filtered on various processes, so as to remove the particles of vegetable matter, mud, and other particles of matter present in the water, most commonly used materials are sand and gravel. Two Processes a. Aeration- r11w Is made to pass on plp88 of tlrw sieves and exposed to air of tiM mi8t. When excavated by hand are called dug wells-for shallow water.
Lifting water by suction to the level of a pump situated above the source. Raising the water by forcing it to an elevation above a pump situated in the source. Both lifting the water to the pump by suction and in addition forcing the water to an elevation above the pump.
Lift pump 2. Force pump 3 Reciprocating 4. Rotary 5. Centrifugal 6. Deep well reciprocating pump b. Turbine pump c. Deep well ejector d. The piston and the bottom of the cylinder are each proviqed with a valve opening upward.
When the plunger is raised valve b is closed and 8 open to admit water to the cylinder. Pumps a. Horizontal ReCiprocating Pumps- known as dottble or single acting piston pumps. Adapted to all pur- poses where the suction lift, is not over 22 ft.
Reciprocating Pump-for suc- tion lifts of less than 22 feet 6. Tanks - rnay be used either for the collection of water without consideration of pressure, or for storing water under air pressure or under a static HEAD for future distribution by pneu- matic or gravity means. SOUYC4 outlet. Cylindrical G. Tank 2. Spherical PVC Tank 3.
Rectangular Reinforced Concrete 4. Rectangular Steel Tank Riveted 5. Pneumatic Tank pressurized 6. Stainless Steel Tank 6. Suction Tank - are constructed of riveted or welded steel plate; the larger tanks often being divided into two compartments. The suction pipe from the pump to the tank should be across connected to the City main so that the water may be pumped directly from the main in case of Fire. Suction Tanks are used so that the pneumatic tank or other pumps sucks the water f.
The neighbor of water due to pressure. Upfeed System-from normal water pressure from public water main for low rise buildings. Pneumatic Tank -from air pressure from suction tank for tall buildings which cannot be reached by normal water pressure. When water is called for by the opening of any device like a faucet, air pressure in the top portion of the tank de- liver water into the system. A high level switch turns it off when ttw water is up to level.
In big water tanks, the water level is seen on a marker as made by the f loat valve which rise or descends. Downfeed System-by gravity from overhead tanks and are sup- ported either by structural frames or on the roof decks. Fixtures are below the gravity Tank. These elevated Tanks are installed when normal supply of water from main public service pipes is not frequent.
It is also used when normal pressure from the City main is not enough to force the water to the h;ghest fixtures. Sediment in Tank is drawn off through clean-out pipe and is prevented from enter- ing house supply by pipe projection. Humidity on the air condenses on the cold sides and bottom of metal tanks and must be caught in a copper drip pan. Normal Water pressure Advantages 1. Eliminates extra cost of pumps and tanks.
Compact pumping unit requires limited space. DiSIIdvantages 1. Pressure from water main is inadequate to supply tall buildings. Water supply is affected during peak load hour. In case of power interruption, water sup- ply is greatly affected by the loss of pressure inside the tank.
George Salvan Architectural Utilities 1 Plumbing and Sanitary
Embed Size px x x x x Baguio Colleges Foundation First and lone graduate of B. Architecture, North of Manila, St. Architects Continuing Education Program A licensed Architect, active practitioner and a licensed building constructor, inventor and a board topnotcher. District I for the year
george salvan architectural utilities 1 plumbing and sanitary