Friedrich Bernhard Marby was a German rune occultist and Germanic revivalist. He is best known for his use of the Armanen runes row. Marby was imprisoned during the Third Reich , which may have been due to a denunciation by Karl Maria Wiligut. From , he began publishing his theories and research.
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He is also most well known for his revivalism and use of the Armanen runes row. He was imprisoned during the Third Reich , which may have been due to a denunciation by Karl Maria Wiligut. Biography He was the first to develop and utilize the processes of Runic Gymnastics as a means of channeling Runic power and forms through and around the Self. Marby, along with Siegfried Adolf Kummer , were criticized by name in a report made to Heinrich Himmler by his chief esoteric runologist Karl Maria Wiligut.
Goodrick-Clarke states that they were "censured by Wiligut in his capacity as Himmler's counsellor on magical and religious subjects for bringing the holy Aryan heritage into disrepute and riducule and this criticism may have led to Marby's harsh treatment in the Third Reich. Marby was a printer and editor by trade.
Author, Alan Baker in the book " Invisible Eagle ", stated that: Interestingly, not all rune scholars subscribed wholeheartedly to the racist, anti-Semitic interpretation of the Eddas. For example, one rune occultist, Friedrich Bernhard Marby , synthesised rune scholarship with astrology after encountering the writings of Guido von List. In his paper Der eigene Weg established and his book series Marhy-Runen-Bucherei begun in , Marby emphasised the health benefits gained from meditation on the runes.
He was denounced as an anti-Nazi by the Third Reich in , and sent first to Welzheim concentration camp, and then to Flossenburg and Dachau, and was only freed when the camps were liberated by the Allies in April Although he lacked the virulently racist outlook of the other volkisch occultists of the period, Marby subscribed to a similar theory to that espoused by Liebenfels: namely, the essentially electrical nature of the cosmos, inspired as noted earlier by the recent discovery of radiation and the new uses to which electricity was being put.
In Marby's opinion, the Universe was awash with cosmic rays, which could be both received and transmitted by human beings. In addition, the beneficial influences of these rays could be increased by adopting certain physical postures in imitation of rune-forms a practice with an obvious similarity to yoga. In , Siegfried Adolf Kummer b. Runa concentrated on the practice of ritual magic, including the drawing of magic circles containing the names of the Germanic gods and the use of traditional magical tools such as candelabra and censers.
During these rituals, the names of runes were called out and rune shapes were traced in the air as an aid to the magical process. Like Marby, Kummer was denounced by Wiligut, who considered their methods disreputable. His impact was certainly significant among his contemporaries, but indeed remains so in the furtherance of Runology among today's researchers and practitioners. Marby was the first to develop and utilize the processes of Runengymnastik Runic Gymnastics as a means of channeling Runic power and forms through and around the Self and personal space.
Siegfried Adolf Kummer also worked to advance similar developments in what he referred to as Runenyoga Runic Yoga , though his own efforts seem to have followed Marby's innovations. A significant difference between the runic investigations of Kummer and Marby is that Kummer's own works were rooted in the Armanic rune futhark Wodan's row, as it is known among Armanen and Irminen , whereas Marby's work instead concentrated on the Anglo-Frisian and Norse futharks the latter, a so-called 'younger' row, of a variation circa CE and after.
In , the National Socialists had come to power in Germany, and subsequently outlawed 'secret' or 'esoteric' societies who weren't directly connected to the NSDAP in some way. By , Marby had still maintained his efforts independently of the NSDAP or NSDAP-sponsored organizations -a factor which led to his arrest and confinement to concentration camps for the duration of the war.
In total, Friedrich Marby spent ninety-nine months in the camps at Flossenberg, Welzheim, and Dachau from where he was finally liberated on 29 Ostermond In , Marby resumed his Runological work, and published the journal Forschung und Erfahrung until his death on 3 Julmond Esotericism in Germany and Austria — This article gives an overview of esoteric movements in Germany and Austria between and , presenting Theosophy, Anthroposophy and Ariosophy, among others, against the influences of earlier European esotericism.
Religion in Nazi Germany — For the attitude of the Nazi Party towards religion, and the significance of occultism and paganism, see the article religious aspects of Nazism. It appeared as a periodical article in , and as a standalone publication in Camp de concentration de Dachau — Cet article concerne le camp de concentration nazi. Pour la ville allemande de Dachau, voir Dachau. They claim to be the oldest Germanic Neopagan organisation still operational.
A Heathen altar for household worship in Gothenburg, Sweden. We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this. Mark and share Search through all dictionaries Translate… Search Internet.
He is best known for his revivalism and use of the Armanen runes row. Marby was imprisoned during the Third Reich , which may have been due to a denunciation by Karl Maria Wiligut. Born in Aurich , Ostfriesland , Friedrich Marby trained as a printer and served professionally as an editor. From , he began publishing his theories and research. There was a school of rune scholars who interpreted the Eddas completely in anti-Semitic fashion, but Alan Baker in his book Invisible Eagle singles out Marby as one of the exceptions.
Friedrich Bernhard Marby