Classified as one of the oldest among all the contemporary classical dance forms, Bharatanatyam holds a prominent place in our culture today. Over the centuries, innovations and creativity has molded it, without changing the original purpose and essence, in to a spiritual, divine, and a meaningful addition to our society. As much as there is room for improvisations and imaginative interpretations, Bharatanatyam or classical dance as such, is a science in itself. One has to follow the parampara, shastras, sampradaya and certain technical rules to keep its originality and purpose alive. Bharatanatyam, along with the other classical art forms in India, has its origins in the manuscript called the Natya Shastra which was written by Sage Bharata around B. When the world was in a state of turmoil and endless conflicts, and greed and desires prevailed, Brahma pooled all the resources from the four vedas to create a fifth veda called the Natya Veda.
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Bharatanatyam is one of the most exotic, graceful and beautiful dance forms of India. It brings out the graciousness that anyone has in them. Be it female or male, Bharatanatyam is performed with utter cordiality achieved by the help of Mudras or Asamyukta Hastas. Here are a few Mudras or hand gestures to keep you going! Hold all your fingers straight signalling like a stop. The only difference is that your thumb should be bent a little bit and all the fingers are to be held tight.
Pataaka Mudra is used to depicting clouds, forests, denial and during the start of the Adavu. From your Pataaka hand gesture, just bend your ring finger alone. Tripataaka depicts trees, arrows, crown, and thunder. Artha pataaka is also like Tripataaka but you should bend your little finger such that only your index and your middle finger will be stretched open. Kartari Mukha Mudra is done from Artha pataaka. With your little finger and the ring finger bent and pressed against the thumb, gently open your index finger and the middle finger and stretch it to show a scissor.
This Mudra is also used to portray opposition, anger, looting and separation. From the previous Mudra, retain the position of your thumb and ring finger. The index, middle and little finger should be in line and are to be held tight. The Arthachandra Mudra is performed will all the fingers up and straight. It replicates the Pataaka Mudra but the thumb is in line with the other fingers as well. The Mudra is also used to depict a spear, throat and the likes. From the Arthachandra, just bend your index finger and your thumb.
This is Araala. The significances of Araala are its uses to represent drinking, harsh wind etc. Just bend the ring finger after doing Araala and the Shukathunda Mudra emerges. Mushti is nothing but clenching your hands. Resting your thumb in the clasps of the other fingers, the Mudra is formed. You can also place the thumb on the fingers. This Mudra illustrates grasping, steadfastness and a combative position. Just raise your thumb up from the Mushti Mudra and there you are.
Shikara usually looks like a thumbs up sign and means the king or the peak or an armour. It is also used to show bow and pillars. Rest your pointer finger over your thumb and continue doing the Shikara Mudra.
It is also used to portray milking cows, holding cymbals or holding a flower. In Bharatanatyam, Kataka Mukha is the only Mudra that is done in three ways. One of them is the opening of a bracelet. Bring together your index, middle fingers and thumb. The middle, ring and the little fingers are pressed against the thumb, while the forefinger is held straight. This forms the Suchi Hasta.
This Mudra demonstrates the Supreme soul, one hundred, the sun, or a city. There are a lot more Hastas that are to be learnt if you want to learn Bharatanatyam. Avail the services of Bharatanatyam classes and showcase your talent to the world! Ushasuryamani, Charumati Ramdas,. We apologize and thank you for taking time to report inappropriate content.
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List of mudras (dance)
One of the most striking features of Indian classical dance is the use of hand gestures. The Abhinaya Darpa a descriptive primer for dancers mentions that the dancer should sing the song by the throat, express the meaning of the song through hand gestures, show the state of feelings in the song by eyes, and express the rhythm with his or her feet. From the Natya Shastra, a text on the arts, this beautiful quotation and translation is often quoted by Indian classical dance instructors:. So vast are the subtleties expressed in the hand gestures of hasta that the vastness of what being human entails, and perhaps even what the entire universe contains, might be expressed by the dancer. Hence as 'hasta' form a distinct coded language which brings a unique poetic element while performing, so too when abhinaya traditional facial expressions , pose attitude , and rhythm complete the language, the dancer may express practically anything and everything to an attentive audience.
Know The Single-Hand Bharatanatyam Mudras And Their Significance