They separated from him following the Battle of Siffin when Ali agreed to settle the dispute with Mu'awiya , governor of Syria , through negotiations, a move labelled by the group as against the Qur'an. After failed attempts to regain their loyalty and because of their rebellious and murderous activities, Ali confronted the Kharijites near their headquarters by the Nahrawan Canal, near modern-day Baghdad. Of the 4, rebels, some 1, were won over with promise of amnesty while majority of the remaining 2, were killed in the ensuing battle. The battle resulted in permanent break between the group and the rest of Muslims, whom Kharijites branded as apostates. Although defeated, they continued to threaten and harass cities and towns for years to come.
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Battle of Siffin
The Battle of Siffin , was the second and last battle of the First Fitna , forming its third chapter after the Qurra dispute and the Battle of the Camel. The armies had encamped at the site for more than two months prior to the battle and the offensive was finally launched by the Qurra' in Ali's army on July 26 8 Safar 37 AH and the battle lasted till July 28 10 Safar 37 AH. The battle ended when the two sides decided to stop fighting and instead settle their conflict via arbitration. The battlefield was at Siffin, a ruined Byzantine -era village situated a few hundred yards from the right bank of the Euphrates river in the general vicinity of Raqqa in present-day Syria. It has been identified with the modern village of Abu Hureyra in the Raqqa Governorate.
File:Bataille de Siffîn.png
Category:Battle of Siffin
Battle of Nahrawan