Following the first edition in , the goal of the workshop is to follow up visions and opportunities in Atomtronics: Atomic quantum matter, like Bose-Einstein condensates, manipulated in electric, magnetic, or optical circuits of very different spatial shapes and intensity. We intend to bring together experimentalists and theorists active in the field. Conceptual and applicative aspects of atomic circuits for diverse exploitations will be covered, both to extend the scope of the existing atom-based quantum devices and to devise platforms for new routes to quantum technology quantum information, quantum simulation, quantum metrology, etc. The Benasque workshop will offer two-three seminars per day from the invited speakers. Working groups, self-organized and chaired discussions are a part of the Benasque Center working mode and will be encouraged. A poster session will be also organized.
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February 19, Just as NASA engineers test new rocket designs in computer studies before committing themselves to full prototypes, so physicists will often model matter under various circumstances to see whether something new appears. This is especially true of atomtronics, a relatively new science devoted to creating artificial tailored materials consisting of neutral atoms held in an array with laser beams, or atoms moving along a desired track under electric or magnetic influence.
One of the attractions of atomtronics is that the properties of electrons moving through solid state materials can often be mimicked using atoms operating under highly controlled circumstances.
Why not just study electrons directly? Because in atomtronics the forces among the atoms can be controlled; you can't do that as well with electrons in solids. That is, atoms can be induced to interact via a force that can be dialed up or down, exploiting the large magnetic dipole moment of some atoms, such as dysprosium Clark will describe theoretical work carried out with colleagues at George Mason University, the University of Hamburg, Germany and the University of California, Riverside.
Together they have studied what happens when ultracold highly magnetic atoms are held in an optical lattice and subjected to an external magnetic field , which can be steered in various directions. This field tugs on the atom-sized magnets and, along with the direction of the field itself, leave the atoms standing upright or pulled over on their sides at various inclinations described in the figure by the angles phi and theta.
In this way, the researcher can tune the interactionforce on demand. The atoms don't just stay put as they are being jerked around. They disport themselves into patterns. Each pattern can be considered a different phase of atomtronic matter. And just as water molecules can exist in phasesice, water, steamdepending on how a joystick that controls temperature and pressure is deployed, so the magnetic atoms sort themselves into numerous phases depending on the magnetic joystick controlling the strength and orientation of the applied magnetic field.
The atom patterns can be mapped on a phase diagram where the x and y axis describe various values of the joystick orientation. One phase is labeled cb-CDW the turquoise part , meaning that the atoms in the optical lattice come into a checkerboard pattern cb as electrons do in a solid orient themselves via a so-called "charge density wave" CDW , in analogy with a collective state of electrons in metals that is being explored as an alternative vehicle for data encoding.
In the small drawing to the left the red dots represent a greater chance that an atom will be in that spot while blue dots represent a lesser chance that an atom will be there. Another phase the orange part consists of atoms preferentially patterned in stripes st. A third phase is labeled BCS. Here, analogous to the pairs of electrons in superconductors as described by the Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer theory , atoms weakly pair up via long-range forces across several atomic spacings.
Two other phases seen in the study were totally unexpected. These consist of pairsan atom yoked with a neighboring vacancydistributing themselves in a checkerboard or striped pattern. In other words, if such a pair finds itself at one place in the lattice, another pair might be more or less likely to be in a neighboring double slot. The authors call this new phase a "bond-order solid" BOS since in a sense the bonds between the atom-vacancy couplets seem to be forming the patterns rather than the atoms themselves.
Bond-order phases have been conjectured previously in idealized one-dimensional models, but this is the first report of their presence in a realizable physical system. These phases are associated with the presence of strong long-range dipole interactions between ultracold atoms, a feature that does not exist for electrons in solids or in the first generation of ultracold atomic and molecular systems.
Recent experimental developments show prospects for implementing ultracold dipole fermion systems in the laboratory. Satyan Bhongale George Mason University , the lead author of this work, says, "As physicists we like to classify states of matter. Low-temperature electronic systems are very complicated and hard to control or observe in detail. Atomtronic systems are subject to exquisite control and characterization, providing direct access and a clear insight into novel phases of matter.
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Share Twit Share Email. Home Physics General Physics. Bhongale, L. Mathey, S. Tsai, C. Clark, and E. Zhao, arxiv. Provided by Joint Quantum Institute. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Argentine paleontologists discover small carnivorous dinosaur 8 hours ago. Relevant PhysicsForums posts Raytracing Programs 9 hours ago.
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Atomtronics: A new phase
Atomtronics is an emerging sub-field of ultracold atomic physics which encompasses a broad range of topics featuring guided atomic matter waves. The systems typically include components analogous to those found in electronic or optical systems, such as beam splitters and transistors. Applications range from studies of fundamental physics to the development of practical devices. Atomtronics is a contraction of "atom" and " electronics ", in reference to the creation of atomic analogues of electronic components, such as transistors and diodes , and also electronic materials such as semiconductors. Three major elements are required for an atomtronic circuit.
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February 19, Just as NASA engineers test new rocket designs in computer studies before committing themselves to full prototypes, so physicists will often model matter under various circumstances to see whether something new appears. This is especially true of atomtronics, a relatively new science devoted to creating artificial tailored materials consisting of neutral atoms held in an array with laser beams, or atoms moving along a desired track under electric or magnetic influence. One of the attractions of atomtronics is that the properties of electrons moving through solid state materials can often be mimicked using atoms operating under highly controlled circumstances. Why not just study electrons directly? Because in atomtronics the forces among the atoms can be controlled; you can't do that as well with electrons in solids. That is, atoms can be induced to interact via a force that can be dialed up or down, exploiting the large magnetic dipole moment of some atoms, such as dysprosium
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